Policy details

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Policy Rationale
We recognize the importance of our services as a place to discuss and draw attention to sexual violence and exploitation. We believe this is an important part of building common understanding and community. In an effort to create space for this conversation and promote a safe environment, we allow survivors to share their experiences, but we remove content that depicts, threatens or promotes sexual violence, sexual assault or sexual exploitation. We also remove content that displays, advocates for or coordinates sexual acts with non-consenting parties to avoid facilitating non-consensual sexual acts. Further, if we become aware of any content that threatens or advocates rape, we may disable the posting account and work with law enforcement, in addition to removing the content.

To protect survivors, we remove images that depict incidents of sexual violence and intimate images shared without the consent of the person(s) pictured. As noted in the introduction, we also work with external safety experts to discuss and improve our policies and enforcement around online safety issues, and we may remove content when we receive information that content is linked to harmful activity. We have written about the technology we use to protect against non-consensual intimate images and the research that has informed our work. We’ve also put together a guide to reporting and removing intimate images shared without your consent.

We do not allow:

Content depicting, advocating for, or mocking non-consensual sexual touching, including:

  • Imagery depicting non-consensual sexual touching (except in real-world art depicting non-real people, with a condemning or neutral caption)
  • Statements attempting or threatening to share, offering, or asking for imagery depicting non-consensual sexual touching
  • Descriptions of non-consensual sexual touching, unless shared by or in support of the survivor
  • Advocacy (including aspirational and conditional statements) for, threats to commit, or admission of participation in non-consensual sexual touching
  • Content mocking survivors or the concept of non-consensual sexual touching
  • Content shared by a third party that identifies survivors of sexual assault when reported by the survivor

Content that attempts to exploit people by:

  • Coercing money, favors or intimate imagery from people with threats to expose their intimate imagery or intimate information (sextortion)
  • Sharing, threatening, stating an intent to share, offering or asking for non-consensual intimate imagery (NCII) that fulfills all of the three following conditions:
  • Imagery is non-commercial and produced in a private setting.
  • Person in the imagery is (near) nude, engaged in sexual activity or in a sexually suggestive pose.
  • Lack of consent to share the imagery is indicated by meeting any of the signals:
    • Vengeful context (such as, caption, comments or page title).
    • Independent sources such as law enforcement records, media reports (such as, leak of images confirmed by media) or representatives of a survivor of NCII
    • Report from a person depicted in the image or who shares the same name as the person depicted in the image.
  • Promoting, threatening to share, or offering to make non-real non-consensual intimate imagery (NCII) either by applications, services, or instructions, even if there is no (near) nude commercial or non-commercial imagery shared in the content
  • Secretly taking non-commercial imagery of a person's commonly sexualized body parts (breasts, groin, buttocks, or thighs) or of a person engaged in sexual activity. This imagery is commonly known as "creepshots" or "upskirts" and includes photos or videos that mock, sexualize or expose the person depicted in the imagery.
  • Sharing, threatening to share or stating an intent to share private sexual conversations where a lack of consent to share is indicated by by any of the following:
  • Vengeful context and/or threatening context,
  • Independent sources such as media coverage or law enforcement records, or
  • Report from a person depicted in the image or who shares the same name as the person depicted in the image

Content relating to necrophilia or forced stripping, including:

  • Imagery depicting necrophilia or forced stripping (except in real-world art depicting non-real people, with a condemning or neutral caption
  • Statements attempting to share, offer, ask, or threatening to share the imagery of necrophilia or forced stripping
  • Statements that contain descriptions, advocacy for, aspirational or conditional statements about, statements of intent or calls for action to commit, admission of participation in, or mocking of survivors of necrophilia or forced stripping
For the following content, we include a sensitivity screen so that people are aware the content may be upsetting to some:

Narratives and statements that contain a description of non-consensual sexual touching (written or verbal) that includes details beyond mere naming or mentioning the act if:

  • Shared by the survivor, or
  • Shared by a third party (other than the survivor) in support of the survivor or condemnation of the act or for general awareness to be determined by context/caption.
For the following Community Standards, we require additional information and/or context to enforce:

We may restrict visibility to people over the age of 18 and include a warning label on certain content including:

  • Content depicting non-consensual sexual touching when:
  • Shared to raise awareness (without entertainment or sensational context),
  • The survivor is not identifiable, and
  • The content does not involve nudity
  • Content depicting fictional non-consensual sexual touching (movie trailers, etc.) when shared by trusted partners to raise awareness and without sensational context

We may restrict visibility to people over the age of 18 and include a warning label on certain content depicting non-consensual sexual touching, when it is shared to raise awareness and without entertainment or sensational context, where the victim or survivor is not identifiable and where the content does not involve nudity.

In addition to our at-scale policy of removing content that threatens or advocates rape or other non-consensual sexual touching, we may also disable the posting account.

We may also enforce on content shared by a third party that identifies survivors of sexual assault when reported by an authorized representative or Trusted Partner.

User experiences

See some examples of what enforcement looks like for people on Facebook, such as: what it looks like to report something you don’t think should be on Facebook, to be told you’ve violated our Community Standards and to see a warning screen over certain content.

Note: We’re always improving, so what you see here may be slightly outdated compared to what we currently use.

Reporting
1
Universal entry point

We have an option to report, whether it’s on a post, a comment, a story, a message or something else.

2
Get started

We help people report things that they don’t think should be on our platform.

3
Select a problem

We ask people to tell us more about what’s wrong. This helps us send the report to the right place.

4
Check your report

Make sure the details are correct before you click Submit. It’s important that the problem selected truly reflects what was posted.

5
Report submitted

After these steps, we submit the report. We also lay out what people should expect next.

6
More options

We remove things if they go against our Community Standards, but you can also Unfollow, Block or Unfriend to avoid seeing posts in future.

Post-report communication
1
Update via notifications

After we’ve reviewed the report, we’ll send the reporting user a notification.

2
More detail in the Support Inbox

We’ll share more details about our review decision in the Support Inbox. We’ll notify people that this information is there and send them a link to it.

3
Appeal option

If people think we got the decision wrong, they can request another review.

4
Post-appeal communication

We’ll send a final response after we’ve re-reviewed the content, again to the Support Inbox.

Takedown experience
1
Immediate notification

When someone posts something that doesn't follow our rules, we’ll tell them.

2
Additional context

We’ll also address common misperceptions and explain why we made the decision to enforce.

3
Policy Explanation

We’ll give people easy-to-understand explanations about the relevant rule.

4
Option for review

If people disagree with the decision, they can ask for another review and provide more information.

5
Final decision

We set expectations about what will happen after the review has been submitted.

Warning screens
1
Warning screens in context

We cover certain content in News Feed and other surfaces, so people can choose whether to see it.

2
More information

In this example, we give more context on why we’ve covered the photo with more context from independent fact-checkers

Enforcement

We have the same policies around the world, for everyone on Facebook.

Review teams

Our global team of over 15,000 reviewers work every day to keep people on Facebook safe.

Stakeholder engagement

Outside experts, academics, NGOs and policymakers help inform the Facebook Community Standards.

Get help with adult sexual exploitation

Learn what you can do if you see something on Facebook that goes against our Community Standards.